The Theory of Peasant Economy

The Theory of Peasant Economy

Alexander V. Chayanov A.V. Chayanov Teodor Shanin / Jun 07, 2020

The Theory of Peasant Economy The work of A V Chayanov is today drawing attention among Western scholars than ever before Largely ignored in his native Russia because they differed from Marxist Leninist theory and neglected in th

  • Title: The Theory of Peasant Economy
  • Author: Alexander V. Chayanov A.V. Chayanov Teodor Shanin
  • ISBN: 9780299105747
  • Page: 284
  • Format: Paperback
  • The work of A.V Chayanov is today drawing attention among Western scholars than ever before Largely ignored in his native Russia because they differed from Marxist Leninist theory, and neglected in the West for than forty years, Chayanov s sophisticated theories were at last published in English in 1966 That trenchant is reprinted in this Wisconsin paperback eThe work of A.V Chayanov is today drawing attention among Western scholars than ever before Largely ignored in his native Russia because they differed from Marxist Leninist theory, and neglected in the West for than forty years, Chayanov s sophisticated theories were at last published in English in 1966 That trenchant is reprinted in this Wisconsin paperback edition, which includes a new introduction by the sociologist Teodor Shanin, of the University of Manchester, one of the world s leading Chayanov scholars The Wisconsin edition will be essential reading for political scientists, anthropologists, and all whose interests include peasant studies, Third World development, and women s studies.

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      • Alexander V. Chayanov A.V. Chayanov Teodor Shanin

        Alexander V Chayanov Russian 1888 October 3, 1937 was a Soviet agrarian economist and scholar of rural sociology.He was a proponent of agricultural cooperation, but was skeptical with respect to the indiscriminate introduction of large scale farms Chayanov s skepticism was rooted in the idea that households, especially peasant households which practice subsistence farming, will tend to produce only the amount of food that they need to survive He believed that the Soviet government would find it difficult to force these households to cooperate and produce a surplus These views were sharply criticized by Stalin as defence of the kulaks However, Chayanov was ultimately shown to be right about the problems with Soviet agricultural planning.In 1930 Chayanov was arrested in the Case of the Labour Peasant Party , fabricated by the NKVD The name of the party was taken from a science fiction book written by Chayanov in the 1920s The process was intended to be a show trial, but it fell apart, due to the strong will of the defendants Nevertheless on a secret trial in 1932 Chayanov was sentenced to 5 years in Kazakhstan labor camps On October 3, 1937 Chayanov was arrested again, tried and shot the same day.His wife was repressed as well and spent 18 years in labor camps Chayanov was rehabilitated in 1987.Chayanov s major works, Peasant Farm Organization originally published in Russian in 1925 and On the Theory of Non Capitalist Economic Systems were first translated into English in 1966 Chayanov s theory of the peasant household influenced economic anthropology The substantivist Marshall Sahlins drew on Chayanov in his theory of the domestic mode of production, but later authors have argued that Chayanov s use of neo classical economics supports a formalist position.His book Puteshestvie moego brata Alekseia v stranu krest ianskoi utopii My brother Alexei s journey into the land of peasant utopia Moskva Gosizdat, 1920 predicted a rapid transfer of power into peasant hands its hero wakes up in 1984, in a country where the village has conquered the city, where handicraft cooperatives have replaced industry Like Evgeny Zamyatin s We, it contains theosophical elements.


    360 Comments

    1. Interesting look at peasant livelihoods in rural Russia before the period of collectivization. Chayanov disagreed with Marx and Lenin which did not make for a long writing career.



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